The Kariba Dam was completed in 1968. 56 people died in the making of the dam, including 16 Italian workers who fell into the wall while and so are part of the structure to this day.
In the first few years as the dam waters began to rise, islands of land began to form in the new dam, with animals trapped on them. Conservation groups around the world initiated Operation Noah, to rescue the animals. $1,500 was spent per animal rescued, whereas the average relocation expenditure per person (60,000 Batonga relocated) being $75.